The kidneys are paired retroperitoneal organs that lie at the level of the t12 to l3 vertebral bodies gross anatomy location the kidneys are located on the posterior abdominal wall with one on either side of the vertebral column in the peri. This book provides a unique and comprehensive analysis of the normal anatomy and pathology of the kidney and upper urinary tract from the modern diagnostic imaging point of view the first part is dedicated to the normal radiological anatomy of the kidney and normal anatomic variants the second part presents in detail all of the imaging modalities which can be employed to assess the kidney . The latest innovations in interventional radiology biopsy procedures and parametric and molecular imaging are also described this book should be of great interest to all radiologists oncologists and urologists who are involved in the management of kidney pathologies in their daily clinical practice. Radiology is a branch of medicine that uses imaging technology to diagnose and treat disease radiology may be divided into two different areas diagnostic radiology and interventional radiology doctors who specialize in radiology are called radiologists. Intravenous pyelography ivp was the earliest imaging technique to define the anatomy of the renal and urinary tract using iodinated contrast injection which is excreted by the kidneys into the collecting system
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